A student recently wrote us: "Why isn't A correct? "replaced" vs "focused" on comparison seem very similar."
In order to answer this question correctly, it important to have a good grasp on the author's opinion. In this passage, the author doesn't have a problem with the approaches towards linguistics until he or she describes comparative grammar. The author's opinion on comparative grammar is stated clearly in the sentence: "Surprisingly, there was never a more flawed or absurd idea of what a language is than during the thirty years that followed this discovery by Bopp (1816)." Since the question is asking about studies of language that were flawed, "C" is the right answer because it talks about the focus on comparison rather than principles when studying grammar.
Thanks for your question. I hope this helps!
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